عنوان مقاله [English]
The law of universal suffering or the noble truth of the Dukkha is one of the main Buddhist teachings. According to the Buddha, a person is freed from repetitive suffering and rebirth in this world by liberation from all personal and social preoccupations, by the suppression of all carnal desires and desires, and attains eternal peace and salvation (Nīrvāna). According to the Mahāyāna school, there is no possibility of salvation through personal effort and force, and the help of a savior is essential, and this is the task that the Sōdāšan, the prince of story (Vesantraa Jātaka). Therefore, parts of the Sogdian text related to the individual actions of Sōdāšan, the prince of fiction, the Vessantara Jātaka (according to the Benvenist orthography) have been selected to provide a better Persian translation by the author based on Ms. Gharib's transliteration and revised according to the French Benvenist translation. This article seeks to reveal the role of the trader through a substantive examination of the text and whether he can be considered a savior and Buddhisattva. Eventually, because of his sacred purpose, which is constantly repeated in the story, which is to save the living from suffering and hell, he forgives all his possessions, children, and wife, and as a reward for this deed, he will become a Buddha.
🔓 © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Tissaphernes Archaeological Research Group, Tehran, Iran. Open Access. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way. The ethical policy of Ancient Iranian Studies is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with International Committee of Ancient Iranian Studies Editorial Board codes of conduct. Readers, authors, reviewers and editors should follow these ethical policies once working with Ancient Iranian Studies. The ethical policy of Ancient Iranian Studies is liable to determine which of the typical research papers or articles submitted to the journal should be published in the concerned issue. For information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit www.publicationethics.org.