نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دکتری فرهنگ و زبانهای باستانی، کارشناس اداره میراث فرهنگی، گردشگری و صنایع دستی استان اردبیل
عنوان مقاله [English]
The law of universal suffering or the noble truth of the Dukkha is one of the main Buddhist teachings. According to the Buddha, a person is freed from repetitive suffering and rebirth in this world by liberation from all personal and social preoccupations, by the suppression of all carnal desires and desires, and attains eternal peace and salvation (Nīrvāna). According to the Mahāyāna school, there is no possibility of salvation through personal effort and force, and the help of a savior is essential, and this is the task that the Sōdāšan, the prince of story (Vesantraa Jātaka). Therefore, parts of the Sogdian text related to the individual actions of Sōdāšan, the prince of fiction, the Vessantara Jātaka (according to the Benvenist orthography) have been selected to provide a better Persian translation by the author based on Ms. Gharib's transliteration and revised according to the French Benvenist translation. This article seeks to reveal the role of the trader through a substantive examination of the text and whether he can be considered a savior and Buddhisattva. Eventually, because of his sacred purpose, which is constantly repeated in the story, which is to save the living from suffering and hell, he forgives all his possessions, children, and wife, and as a reward for this deed, he will become a Buddha.