نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشجوی دکتری باستانشناسی دانشگاه سوربن
عنوان مقاله [English]
During the exploration of the areas of Persepolis, Pasargad and Suse, the lot of eye-shaped stones were found in the explored objects among which some were with an inscription but without any holes, some with no inscription but with holes, and some without inscription and without holes. This stone has two colors: Dark in the center and bright in the margin which evokes an "eye". The presence of this kind of eye-shaped stone with Babylonian inscription in Achaemenid Treasures can be related to the spoils of war from this area, but what was the use of stones without inscription? Were they used as the eyes of sculptures? In that case how they differed from other Embedded eyes obtained from Achaemenid regions such as Borazdjan or eye beads? The purpose of this paper is to introduce these findings and explain their application. Descriptive and comparative methods were used for this purpose. In this article first we describe the discovery in Achaemenid treasures and the registered eyes in Persepolis Museum and meanwhile the "Eye-stone" types are explained, and in following their difference with the Embedded eyes and eye beads in the Borazdjan area is studied. With respect to the description and characteristics of the Eye-stones and their difference with the Embedded eyes, from the point of view of size and color and technique, it can be said that the application of the Eye-stones without inscription was for decorative purposes and the application of Eye-stones with inscription was for votive purposes.