نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
گروه باستان شناسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Achaemenid royal inscriptions, which are mostly trilingual (Old Persian, Elamite, Babylonian), except for the Bistun inscription, are empty of narrative aspects, reflecting the worldview and ideology of the Achaemenid kings and empire. One of the most important subjects of Achaemenid inscriptions is the connection of the king with god; This connection emphasizes the political and ideological aspect of the Achaemenid king with god more than it has a religious smack. The most important and greatest god mentioned in these inscriptions is Ahuramazda. Based on these inscriptions, the connection between Ahuramazda and the king is obvious, he has given the kingdom to the king and the Achaemenid king is taking steps to achieve the goals of God, but this is not the whole story. "The gods of the royal family, the gods, other gods, and all the gods" are also mentioned. Also, in the royal inscriptions of Artaxerxes II and Artaxerxes III, are mentioned the two gods Anahita and Mithra. what is their connection with Ahuramazda and the Achaemenid kings? What information does the Persepolis Fortification Archive provide in this regard? Can the Achaemenid tolerance be cited in their inscriptions? An exact analysis of the royal inscriptions and supporting documents, especially the ritual texts of the Persepolis Fortification Archive, shows that the Achaemenid king's connection with God was ideologically and legitimately very strong and that there were several gods in their worldview, in fact, they have received help from several gods, supplicated to them and sacrificed for them.