نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
اداره میراث فرهنگی، گردشگری و صنایع دستی شهرستان مراغه
عنوان مقاله [English]
Mani, the Iranian messenger, founded a religion in the third century AD that spread from China to Europe a few centuries later. One of the reasons for Mani's success was his extensive propaganda using artistic tools such as poetry and allegorical anecdotes, calligraphy, gilding and painting, as well as the use of a variety of common languages of the time. In order to perpetuate and influence his ideas and teachings and to preserve their authenticity, he wrote several books in different languages of his time and his followers continued this tradition. Shapurgan was probably the first Mani book written in Middle Persian to be read and understood in the Sassanid court and Iranshahr. In this book, Mani wrote a description of his mission and teachings using familiar interpretations, terms, and ideas in the Iranian-Zoroastrian world. In this article, based on the original Manichaean texts and historical sources, first a description of Mani's life and teachings is provided, and then, based on excerpts from Mani's Shapurgan and references to historical and literary sources, it is shown what teachings has this book conveyed, what was its content and function and what was its fate and destiny in the time of Islam? This article notes that Shapurgan is the oldest book, parts of which have survived from the Sassanid era and is therefore a valuable testimony to the language, literature and cultural and religious ideas of early Sassanid Iran.